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5.14 comprehensive case 2.0 - automatic induction door

2022-05-15 07:39:07Zhiyunfu

brief introduction

Many public places use automatic induction doors , The door opens automatically when someone approaches , Close the door automatically when you are far away ; Sometimes it is necessary to keep the door open, such as handling goods , It's inconvenient to close the door ; Or the place needs to be closed frequently when it closes at night , No one is allowed to enter .
This case simulates the corresponding scenario , Design a mobile phone that can use APP To control the automatic induction door system .

Infrared obstacle avoidance sensor

  • Infrared obstacle avoidance is a kind of obstacle avoidance sensor , It has a pair of infrared transmitting and receiving tubes , The transmitting tube emits infrared rays of a certain frequency , When the detection direction encounters an obstacle ( The interface outputs a low-level signal , The detection distance can be adjusted through the potentiometer knob ).

  • Specifications :

    1. Working voltage :DC 3.3V-5V
    2. Working current :≥20mA
    3. working temperature :-10℃—+50℃
    4. Detection distance :2-30cm
    5. The output signal : There are obstacles or reflected to the ground output low level , Barrier free high level
    6. Regulation mode : Multi turn resistance regulation
    7. Effective angle :35°

Get ready

The hardware required for this case

equipment Number
HaaS506 Development board 1
Infrared obstacle avoidance sensor 1
SG90 The steering gear 1
SIM card 1
DuPont line A number of

Hardware connection diagram

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Code flow

1、 Connect to Alibaba cloud platform
2、 Enable two threads , The obstacle avoidance sensor uploads the detection status to Alibaba cloud every second ; The steering gear judges whether to open the door according to the conditions .
3、 establish ‘ Mobile application ’ function , Access control is normal 、 Normally closed 、 Normally open mode , And real-time detection of accumulated traffic .
4、 Upload the access control status to Alibaba cloud platform .

Function realization

1、 Internet of things platform development

Readers who use the Internet of things platform for the first time , You need to use the Internet of things platform function after opening the instance . You can also use free public instances for development , stay Alibaba cloud Internet of things platform in , In the upper left corner, choose ‘ East China 2- Shanghai ’, Click on ‘ Public examples ’, It can be opened .

1、 Platform product creation can refer to haas506 2.0 Development tutorial -aliyunIoT
2、 Create product attributes ( Additive model )
Choose products Function definition Edit draft
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1、 Add custom features
2、 According to the plan 2 Show add identifier And data type ( The identifier should be consistent with the code )
3、 Click on Published online
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  • Click ok
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2、 Device side development

# coding=utf-8

from driver import GPIO
from driver import PWM
import network
import ujson
import utime as time
import modem
from  aliyunIoT import Device
import kv
import _thread

# When iot Triggered when the device is connected to the Internet of things platform 'connect'  event 
def on_connect(data):
    global module_name,default_ver,productKey,deviceName,deviceSecret,on_trigger,on_download,on_verify,on_upgrade
    print('***** connect lp succeed****')
    data_handle = {
    data_handle['device_handle'] = device.getDeviceHandle()

# When the connection is disconnected , Trigger 'disconnect' event 
def on_disconnect():
    print('linkkit is disconnected')

# When iot When setting the cloud distribution properties , Trigger 'props' event 
def on_props(request):
    global servo_data,door_status
    servo_data["door_status"]= door_status

# When iot Cloud call device service when , Trigger 'service' event 
def on_service(id,request):
    print('clound req id is {} , req is {}'.format(id,request))
# When the device follows iot When an error is encountered during platform communication , Trigger 'error' event 
def on_error(err):
    print('err msg is {} '.format(err))

# Callback function of network connection 
def on_4g_cb(args):
     global g_connect_status
     pdp = args[0]
     netwk_sta = args[1]
     if netwk_sta == 1:
         g_connect_status = True
         g_connect_status = False

# network connections 
def connect_network():
     global net,on_4g_cb,g_connect_status
     #NetWorkClient This class is a singleton class , Realize the functions related to network management , Include initialization , Connected to the Internet , Status information, etc .
     net = network.NetWorkClient()
     g_register_network = False
     if net._stagecode is not None and net._stagecode == 3 and net._subcode == 1:
         g_register_network = True
         g_register_network = False
     if g_register_network:
    # Register the callback function of network connection on(self,id,func); 1 For connection ,func  Callback function  ;return 0  success 
         print(' Network registration failed ')
     while True:
         if g_connect_status:
             print(' Network connection successful ')

# Dynamically register callback functions 
def on_dynreg_cb(data):
     global deviceSecret,device_dyn_resigter_succed
     deviceSecret = data
     device_dyn_resigter_succed = True

 #  Connect to the Internet of things platform 
def dyn_register_device(productKey,productSecret,deviceName):
    global on_dynreg_cb,device,deviceSecret,device_dyn_resigter_succed
    key = '_amp_customer_devicesecret'
    deviceSecretdict = kv.get(key)
    if isinstance(deviceSecretdict,str):    
        deviceSecret = deviceSecretdict 

    if deviceSecretdict is None or deviceSecret is None:
        key_info = {
            'productKey': productKey  ,
            'productSecret': productSecret ,
            'deviceName': deviceName
        #  Dynamically register a device , Acquiring equipment deviceSecret
        # Below if Prevent multiple registrations , If you have registered once , Restart the device and re register will get stuck ,
        if not device_dyn_resigter_succed:

count_data = {
def upload_count():
    global count_data
    count_data["person_count"]= count

def setOptionSero(duty_cycle):
    global servo
    param2 = {
    'freq':50, 'duty': duty_cycle }

def operatorDoor():
    global detected, closed,door_status
    closed = True
    #  After opening the door, judge whether there is anyone else 
    while True:
        if door_status == 1:
        elif door_status == -1:
            if detected == True:

def openDoor():
    global closed,servo
    if closed == True:
        print("open the door")
        # TODO  Door opening operation 
        closed = False

def closeDoor():
    global closed,servo
    if closed == False:
        print("close the door")
        #  Operate the door closing 
        closed = True

def infrared_status():
     global detected, count, door_status
     while True:             #  Infinite loop 
        status =
        #  Object detected 
        if status == 0:
            detected = True
            #  Only those in a very closed state will report 
            if door_status != -1:
                count = count + 1
                print("object detected, count = " + str(count))
            #  Stop when people are detected 5 Second retest , It is equivalent to the time of simulating pedestrian passing 
        #  Not detected 
        elif status == 1:
            detected = False
            print('no object detected')
            #  No one was detected , Then interval 500ms Test once 

if __name__ == '__main__':
    g_connect_status = False
    net = None
    device = None
    deviceSecret = None
    deviceName = None
    productKey = "a1JuD7ay6Pj"
    productSecret = "yV68ScGy5DgEczVx"
    device_dyn_resigter_succed = False

    #  Connect to the network 
     #  Acquiring equipment IMEI  As deviceName  Dynamic registration 
    deviceName = modem.getDevImei()
    # Acquiring equipment ICCID
    # Initialize the Internet of things platform Device class , obtain device example 
    device = Device()
    if deviceName is not None and len(deviceName) > 0 :
     # Dynamically register a device 
        print(" Get the device IMEI Failure , Unable to register dynamically ")
    while deviceSecret is None:
    print(' Dynamic registration succeeded :' + deviceSecret)

    key_info = {
        'region' : 'cn-shanghai' ,
        'productKey': productKey ,
        'deviceName': deviceName ,
        'deviceSecret': deviceSecret ,
        'keepaliveSec': 60,
    # Print device information 

    #device.ON_CONNECT  Is the event ,on_connect It's an event handler / Callback function 

    #  Initialize infrared 
    infrared = GPIO()
    #  Initialize the steering gear 
    servo = PWM()"pwm_lpg")
    # Initialization data 
    count = 0
    detected = False
    door_status = 0
        #  Start infrared detection 
        _thread.start_new_thread(infrared_status, ())
        #  Start the steering gear to simulate door opening / Door closing operation thread 
        _thread.start_new_thread(operatorDoor, ())
    except Exception as e:
        print("Error: unable to start thread")

    while True:

Use 485 Serial port read log, To configure “replPort”: 2, A serial port TTL Read to 0 .

  "name": "haas506",
  "version": "2.0.0",
  "io": {
    "pwm_lpg": {
      "type": "PWM",
      "port": 3
      "port": 20,
      "dir": "input",
    "SPI0": {
      "type": "SPI",
      "port": 0,
      "mode": "master",
      "freq": 2000000
    "serial1": {
      "type": "UART",
      "port": 0,
      "dataWidth": 8,
      "baudRate": 115200,
      "stopBits": 1,
      "flowControl": "disable",
      "parity": "none",
      "timeout": 1000
    "serial2": {
      "type": "UART",
      "port": 1,
      "dataWidth": 8,
      "baudRate": 9600,
      "stopBits": 1,
      "flowControl": "disable",
      "parity": "none",
      "timeout": 1000
    "serial3": {
      "type": "UART",
      "port": 2,
      "dataWidth": 8,
      "baudRate": 115200,
      "stopBits": 1,
      "flowControl": "disable",
      "parity": "none",
      "timeout": 1000
  "debugLevel": "ERROR",
  "repl": "enable",
  "replPort": 2

3、 debugging

  • Debug serial port to use 485 port , Open the device manager to view the debugging port number .
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  • Serial port debugging tool use putty
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Debugging results

1、 Serial debugging tools log, Network connection successful Dynamic registration succeeded Print the status of infrared obstacle avoidance sensor every second , When someone enters the print ‘open the door’, Control the steering gear to open the door , And display the current number of people uploaded to the cloud ; When no one enters the print ‘no object detected’.
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2、 Alicloud platform , open Real time refresh , The current Number of entrants .
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4、 Create mobile app

establish ‘ Common projects ’

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After creating the auto jump home page , Associated with the corresponding product
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Back to home , Create a new mobile app
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Automatically jump to the application editing interface , Select the component → Basic components → Chart → Real time curve , Or search directly .
When I'm done , Configure component information .
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add to ‘ The radio ’ Components , And configure component information .
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Configure interaction information .
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Save after configuration , Click preview to view the set mobile application .
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Cell phones scan QR codes , You can select automatic door mode on your mobile phone , And check the traffic in real time .
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copyright notice
author[Zhiyunfu],Please bring the original link to reprint, thank you.

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